Kalninė bajorė – Centaurea montana

Kalninė bajorė

PLANT NAME
Lithuanian plant nameKalninė bajorė
Latin plant nameCentaurea montana L.
English plant namePerennial Cornflower
TYPE OF PARTERRE
  • Clump, beds (mixborder)
  • Groups
ASSORTMENTmain
GROWING PLACE CHARACTERISTICS
Soil
  • average wet soils
Lighting
  • Heliophilous
Spacing, cmFrom 20 to 30
PLANT HEIGHT AND HABITUS
Height
  • middle height – 41- 60 cm
Habitusflower with non-expressive habitus, for background
PLANTS ORNAMENTALITY
Leaf color
  • green
Blossom color
  • white
  • red, red tints
  • violet
  • blue, blue tints
Blooming time
  • spring - April Second Decade - June First Decade
  • 1-st half of the summer - June 2-nd decade- July 2-nd decade
Blooming period1 month
General ornamentalitylittle decorative
Ornamentality duration, months4
Groupintermediate type perennial (grown 5-6 years)
Bioecological groupPerennial
PLANT PROPAGATION
Propagation methods: seeds, cuttings, scrub division. Seeds are sown in Autumn or in boxes in Spring. 80 - 100 seeds per 1 gram. 1000 seedlings per 20 - 25 grams of seeds sown. Centaurea Montana is easyly propagated by seeds. The flower is propagated by cuttings (7-9 cm long, which are taken from top of shoots) between May and August. Rooting percentage in hotbeds is 70. Centaurea pulchenima and Centaurea dealbata are easyly propagated by rhizomes with shoots. Rhizome parts are planted to the final growing place. Scrubs are divided in early Spring.

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