Darželinė juodgrūdė – Nigella damascena

Darželinė juodgrūdė

PLANT NAME
Lithuanian plant nameDarželinė juodgrūdė
Latin plant nameNigella damascena L.
English plant nameDewil-In-a-Bush
TYPE OF PARTERRE
  • Clump, beds (mixborder)
  • Flowerbed, parterres
  • Wild plant parterre
ASSORTMENTsupplementary
GROWING PLACE CHARACTERISTICS
Soil
  • average wet soils
  • dry soils
Lighting
  • Heliophilous
  • Half heliophobic
Spacing, cmFrom 10 to 15
PLANT HEIGHT AND HABITUS
Height
  • short – 21-40 cm
Habitusflower with non-expressive habitus, for background
PLANTS ORNAMENTALITY
Leaf color
  • green
Blossom color
  • white
  • red, red tints
  • blue, blue tints
Blooming time
  • 1-st half of the summer - June 2-nd decade- July 2-nd decade
  • 2-nd half of the summer - July Third Decade - August
Blooming period1 month
General ornamentalityaverage decorative
Ornamentality duration, months4
Grouptypical annual
Bioecological groupAnnual
PLANT PROPAGATION
Propagation method: seeds, cuttings. 350 - 500 seeds per 1 gram. 1000 seedlings per 5 grams of seeds sown. Seeds stay viable for 2 years. Seeds germinate within 10-16 days. The flower begins blooming in 60 – 65 days, seeds mature in 95 - 100 days. One blossom bloom for 5-6 days, the entire plant - from 1.5 to 2 months. Cross-pollinated and self-pollinated flower, isolation distance is 50-60 m . Seeds are sown in beds outdoors in Spring or in Autumn. Soil should be watered after sowing. Seeds are sown in Autumn before the first frost appear. Self-sowing flower. Matured seeds are selected by hands. Seed yield is 15-20 g for a square meter.

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